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Lindy Sanderson
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We called to have two large pine trees removed since they were in the way of where we needed to put our fence. We are slackers and always wait until the last minute to do anything so of course, we tried to find someone that could take these out quickly as we needed it done ASAP. These guys came out the same day I called and were able to get them out the next day. I was so impressed by how nice and professional they are, it’s nearly impossible to get anyone to come out and/or follow up with anything so it was extremely refreshing that they did both without me having to call and ask what the hold up was. I will forever use this company for future needs. Thank you again!!

Jennifer Ray
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Michael came out to evaluate some trees I had with a questionable fungus on them, and ultimately the course of action was removal for a select few. He got me an estimate for the removal within a matter of days. They had the most competitive prices out of the other estimates I got. Michael is a very knowledgeable Arborist and you can tell he is passionate about his work. He wasn't pushy at all about the removal like some of the other companies I had come out, and he advised me on doing it in "phases" to fit my budget. The actual tree removal and stump grinding itself was so smooth and all the workers that came with the crane and stump service were very professional and communicative about what the process was going to be.

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Why Leaves Change Color in the Fall

As fall nears, property owners need to understand why leaves change color. Chlorophyll, a green pigment found in algae, plants, and cyanobacteria, plays an essential role in photosynthesis, allowing plants to absorb energy from light. However, temperatures in the fall break down chlorophyll, causing color changes in foliage. At the Driscoll Tree Service, we have seasoned arborists ready to help you understand why various colors characterize fall.

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The Role of Chlorophyll

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Chlorophyll, or the “green pigment,” is the lifeblood of plants. It causes the green coloration of leaves throughout the spring and summer months. The primary function of this green pigment is to capture light energy and convert it into chemical energy through photosynthesis, enabling plants to produce their food. During this process, carbon dioxide and water are transformed into glucose and oxygen, benefiting the plant and the environment.

The Transition to Fall

As summer ends and temperatures change in the fall, the chlorophyll in the leaves breaks down. Several factors, including decreasing daylight hours and cooler temperatures, contribute to this breakdown. These environmental cues trigger a series of biological processes within the plant, leading to the gradual disintegration of chlorophyll molecules. If you don’t notice any changes in foliage colors in the fall, consult a dependable tree care company to inspect, detect, and diagnose the problem.

The Four Main Leaf Colors in Fall

The transformation of leaves from vibrant green to a rich tapestry of red, orange, and yellow hues is a spectacle of nature. Let’s explore the science behind each of these distinct fall colors:

  • Green

Green is the default color of most leaves during the growing season, mainly because of the dominance of chlorophyll. As long as chlorophyll is active, it masks other pigments in the leaves, resulting in a familiar green appearance. However, as the days grow shorter and temperatures drop, chlorophyll production decreases, allowing other pigments to shine through. As mentioned, it is normal to notice color changes in foliage but consult a tree service expert if your tree remains green in the fall.

  • Red

The vibrant red hues seen on autumn leaves result from anthocyanin pigments. Anthocyanins are produced in response to various environmental factors, including sunlight and temperature fluctuations. When the days become shorter and cooler in the fall, anthocyanin production increases. These pigments cause the brilliant crimson and scarlet colors in trees like maple and dogwood. If your trees have red leaves in the summer, hire a tree care company to determine the cause and recommend a viable solution.

  • Orange

Orange leaves owe their shade to a combination of anthocyanin and carotenoid pigments. Carotenoids are present in the leaf throughout the year but become more apparent as the chlorophyll fades. Carotenoids produce orange and yellow colors, and their presence is particularly pronounced in the leaves of deciduous trees like oak and hickory. However, orange hues in other seasons besides fall can show an underlying problem, prompting an inspection by certified arborists.

  • Yellow

Yellow leaves are primarily the result of carotenoid pigments. Carotenoids are always present in leaves, but the green chlorophyll masks them during the growing season. As chlorophyll breaks down in the fall, the yellow shade becomes more pronounced, leading to the brilliant gold and yellow shades in trees such as birch and aspen. If trees in your yard have yellow leaves before the fall, consult a reliable tree service expert to diagnose the problem. The last thing you want is severe damage or infection, causing premature tree removal.

The phenomenon of leaves changing color in the fall is a reminder of the intricate processes at play in the natural world. Chlorophyll’s role in photosynthesis is fundamental to the life of plants, but as the seasons transition, the breakdown of chlorophyll unveils a brilliant display of red, orange, and yellow pigments. Contact us at the Driscoll Tree Service and learn more about your trees from the experts. We offer various services, including pruning, trimming, and tree removal, at competitive rates.

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